Metadata is information about information. An example would be the album and artist information contained in the ID3 tag of an MP3 song file. In the case of image files, this includes things such as height and width, as well as Exif and IPTC blocks, which are written to a file when a digital camera takes a photo. Also, additional metadata can be written to the image file later in software, such as keywords. Metadata can be useful to the software you use, as well as to humans. Images may contain so called Exif and IPTC tags (one or both). Metadata can be used with many different types of file formats (JPEG, TIFF, RAW etc.). The future of metadata will likely be decided by Metadata Working Group Other examples of image metadata are ICC color profiles, and Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP), the successor to IPTC.